Johnson v. City of Philadelphia

In Johnson v. City of Philadelphia, the 3rd Circuit threw cold water on Section 1983 state-created danger claims. Those claims proliferated based on a few passing words by the United States Supreme Court in DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services. In the Johnson case, a 911 operator made massive blunders that led firefighters astray, … Read more

Watters v. Bd. of Sch. Dir. of the City of Scranton

In Watters v. Bd. of Sch. Dir. of the City of Scranton, the 3rd circuit assumed for argument’s sake that Section 1983 provides for a private right of action for a purported violation of the Contracts Clause. The Court then moved on to determine whether a 2017 amendment to Pennsylvania’s Public School Code violated the tenure … Read more

Porter v. City of Philadelphia

In Porter v. City of Philadelphia, the 3rd Circuit held that the Philadelphia Sheriff’s Office’s policy prohibiting comments during a sheriff’s sale is a reasonable, viewpoint neutral speech restriction aimed at protecting the Sheriff’s Office’s ability to sell hundreds of foreclosed properties in a single auction, and thus does not violate the 1st Amendment.