In the consolidated appeals of State v. Dalal, the defendants argued that the New Jersey Anti-Terrorism Act, N.J.S.A. 2C: 38-1 to -5, was unconstitutionally vague. The New Jersey Appellate Division disagreed and affirmed the convictions. The Court held that the defendants’ conduct–firebombing five synagogues–fell squarely within the prohibited conduct identified by the Act. Consequently, the Act was not vague in its application to defendants. The Court also denied the defendants’ Eighth Amendment challenge to their sentence. The defendants did not establish any of the prongs of the three-part test to determine whether a criminal sentence is unconstitutionally cruel and unusual.