In United States v. Alexander,  Appellant filed an interlocutory appeal from the District Court’s order denying various pretrial motions to dismiss the original and superseding indictments against her on the ground that a victim of one of the charged crimes served on the grand jury that returned the original indictment. (Subsequent to learning about the grand juror, who was also an alleged victim, the government filed a superseding indictment without any alleged errors during the grand jury proceedings.) The 3rd Circuit lacked jurisdiction and dismissed the appeal because the District Court’s order was not a “final decision”, see28 U.S.C. § 1291, and was not a “collateral” order subject to immediate review under Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541 (1949).