The Pennsylvania Supreme Court decided courts should stay out of this fray amongst local Republican party members. Appellant was a Republican committeeperson of Appellee, the Bucks County Republican Committee. After his election, the acting chairman of Appellee’s Ethics Committee sent a letter to Appellant advising him that two people had lodged complaints against him. The Executive Committee voted to disqualify Appellant as a committeeperson and declare his office vacant. Appellant filed a complaint in the court of common pleas seeking declaratory and injunctive relief to prevent his removal as a committeeperson. Appellee filed a motion for summary judgment and asserted that the matter was a purely intra-party dispute with no direct or substantial relationship to any state interest. Accordingly, Appellee’s right to political association under the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution prohibited the trial court from assuming jurisdiction. The trial court agreed and granted the motion. The Commonwealth Court and the Supreme Court affirmed. The Supreme Court held that an individual must point to some discrete actions entailing state action to establish the required direct-and-substantial nexus with public affairs to justify judicial interference in local intra-party matters. Appellant failed to do so. Therefore, “through its internal, self-organized apparatus, Appellee was permitted to construe its own governing rules and to disqualify elected occupants of its offices from participation in its affairs by exercising its own judgment, free from judicial interference”.